This course covers the definition of kinesiology as well as its importance in physical therapy. It identifies the scope of kinesiology and studies its application. It covers the types of human motions as well as plane and relative axis of motion. It also explains the inter-relationship among kinematic variables and utilizes this knowledge to describe and analyze motion. This course additionally covers the classification of the joints and muscles along 22 their distinguishing characteristics; group action of muscles arthrokinematics and osteokinematics of human movement.



  • Definition of kinesiology
  • Definition of rehabilitation

Mechanical Principles and Mechanics of Position

  • Force - force system– Description of units.
  • Gravity Center of gravity and line of gravity
  • Level of gravity Â·Equilibrium
  • Fixation and Stabilization

Mechanics of movement

  • Axes /Plane
  • Speed
  • Velocity
  • Acceleration
  • Momentum
  • Inertia
  • Friction
  • Lever - types - application
  • Pulley - types - application Â·Anatomical application of lever system and other pulley system application
  • Angle of pull

Introduction to Movement

  • The body levers
  • Forces applied to the body levers
  • Types of movement and posture
  • Patterns of movement
  • Timing in movement
  • Rhythm of movement
  • The nervous control of movement

Starting Positions

  • Definition
  • Fundamental positions
  • Standing
  • Kneeling
  • Sitting 23
  • Lying
  • Hanging
  • The pelvic tilt


  • Inactive postures
  • Active postures
  • The postural mechanism
  • The pattern of posture
  • Principles of Re- Education
  • Techniques of Re-Education Â·Prevention of muscles wasting
  • The initiation of muscular contraction
  • Strengthening methods
  • Abnormal postures

Muscle Strength and Muscle Action

  • Types of Muscles contraction
  • Muscles tone
  • Physiological application to postural tone
  • Group action of muscles
  • Overview of muscle structure
  • Types of muscle work
  • Range of muscle work
  • Group action of muscles
  • Two joint muscle work
  • Active and passive insufficiency
  • Group movement of joints
  • Muscular weakness and paralysis
  • Fundamentals of muscle testing
  • Methods of muscle recording
  • Basic muscle grading system
  • Evaluation of posture
  • Regional upper limb muscle testing as the region is covered in Anatomy I
  • Practical demonstrations of muscles work and its ranges
  • Practical demonstrations of various fundamental positions and posture analysis.
  1. Practical exercise therapy by Margaret Hollis
  2. Brunnstrom’s Clinical Kinesiology
  3. Clinical kinesiology and anatomy by Lynn S Lippert 24
  4. Joint structure and function: a comprehensive analysis by: Pamela. K. Levangie and Cynthia. C. Norkin
  5. Muscle function testing by: Cunningham and Daniel
  6. Human movement explain by kim jonas and karenbaker
  7. The principles of exercise therapy by: M. Dena Gardiner, 4th Edition